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European Cohesion and international collaboration (Emmanuelle de Gentili) and the role of Think Tanks in the developing countries (Henri Dou)

juillet 7th, 2012 Posted in Africa, Asia, Europe, France, Middle East, South America

The development of different countries in the South frontier of Europe, In  Asia, in Africa, underlines the role of the transnational collaborations, of the intercutural exchanges as well as the key role of the civil society. As underlines E de Gentili in her working paper (L’avenir de la politique Euroméditerranéenne, The future of the Euromediterranean policy):

“Il faut redonner un sens politique   l’Union pour qu’elle ne soit pas seulement un projet mercantile ou financier. En 1950 les Pères fondateurs avaient pour projet politique de garantir la paix en Europe. Ils ont réussi : les conflits armés n’existent plus en Europe. Cela signifie que la volonté politique lorsqu’elle est forte et déterminée, parvient   ses fins. Il faut retrouver cette détermination en bâtissant un projet commun sur une vision du monde plus juste, respectueux des droits de l’homme, de ceux des travailleurs et de l’environnement. Il faut que les citoyens se reconnaissent comme partie prenante d’une même entité. Cela passe évidemment par une politique de défense et une diplomatie, harmonisées dans un premier temps puis communes   termes. L’Europe doit parler d’une seule voix ? l’extérieur pour être clairement audible   l’intérieur. On ne peut pas demander aux citoyens de faire preuve de solidarité et de cohésion, si dans le même temps, leurs dirigeants nationaux ne sont pas capables de s’entendre sur des sujets capitaux comme la sécurité ou la place de l’Europe dans le monde.”? ( ? It is necessary to give again a political direction with the Union so that it is not only one mercantile or financial project. In 1950 the Founding fathers had as a political project to guarantee peace in Europe. They succeeded: the armed conflicts do not exist any more in Europe. That means that the political will when it strong and is determined, arrives to its ends. It is necessary to find this determination by building a joint project on a fair vision of the world, respectful of the human rights, those of the workers and environment. It is necessary that the citizens recognize themselves like recipient of the same entity. That passes obviously by a defense policy and a diplomacy, harmonized initially them common to all. Europe must speak with one voice outside to be clearly audible inside. One cannot ask the citizens to show solidarity and of cohesion, so in same time, their national leaders are not able to get along on capital subjects like the safety or the place of Europe in the world.”)

Ths point of view seconds also the working paper published by Henri Dou, which deals with the role of the civil society and think tanks in the devloping countries. Changing the frame of mind of people, developing a new governance take time, to maintain an equilibrium between the 1 billion people of the western world which will remain more of less constant in the next decade and the several billions of people fom Asia, Africa, North Africa, is one of the most important stake for the next ten year.

If “D’une part il y a la haute diplomatie qui se joue au niveau national et concerne les grands enjeux internationaux. D’autre part les collectivités mènent une diplomatie de « citoyenneté », contribuant   la connaissance et au rapprochement des peuples. L’une n’est pas exclusive de l’autre. L’une n’est pas supérieure   l’autre. Mais c’est une nouvelle? donne ou une conséquence inattendue de la décentralisation.” ( On the one hand there is the high diplomacy which is played at national level and relates to the great international challenges.  In addition the communities carry out a diplomacy of “citizenship” (E de Gentili) , contributing to the knowledge and the bringing together of the people. One is not exclusive other. One is not higher than the other. But it is a new state of affairs and an unexpected consequence of the decentralization). Then, it is important beyond the role of the media, to facilitate the development in the civil society of think tanks which will be able as some NGO, to specialize in a subject, to discuss and to ? analyze their trends and then to modify the way of thinking of people and to help them to think “out of the box”.

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